• Sanjukta Moorthy

How to Plan a Results Framework

What should you include in your results framework, and what should not be added? Here's a checklist that can help you add the most relevant information while also being participatory and respecting different views. You must centre your communities' needs and experiences in this process, so keep them at the heart of your work. Think about your donors and 'external stakeholders' as well, and how this project can help support other work in the region.

Image credit: Emma Leonard


  1. When you did your needs assessment, what needs were most emphasised?

  2. If you did not do a needs assessment, do one before building a results framework!

  3. Which needs have the highest potential for impact and change?

  4. What about the lowest?

  5. Who will benefit the most?

  6. Who is the most vulnerable?

  7. How have you considered different peoples' needs: gender, age, socioeconomic status, class, physical ability, etc.?

  8. If you have not done this, consider these different perspectives!

External Factors (including funding)

  1. who else is working there?

  2. What are their programme's strengths?

  3. Weaknesses?

  4. What are yours?

  5. How can you complement their work?

  6. When was the last time you scoped this area?

  7. What did you uncover, and what do you need to remember for new projects?

  8. What opportunities and threats exist?

  9. Have you done a SWOT or PESTEL analysis?

  10. Do you have the relevant funding for the entire project's duration?

  11. What potential is there for this to continue or for additional phases, areas, activities, etc., to be added?

  12. What opportunities do you have to get further funding from external sources?

  13. Is the budget justified based on what you propose to do and achieve?

Is it Appropriate?

  1. Will this project be relevant to your people's needs?

  2. Who is designing the project?

  3. What role will/are your communities play/ing in the design?

  4. Implementation?

  5. Whose reality is relevant in the design and implementation of this work?

  6. How does your proposed plan fit with cultural and social norms?

  7. Be honest! Is the approach what the community wants, needs, and would benefit from? Or is it more beneficial to you and your Board members?

  8. How will you ensure that the project implementation is always respectful of social norms and values while seeking the change that your communities want?

  9. How feasible is the project? Ie. How likely is it to succeed?

  10. Can the work be sustained and maintained?

  11. Does this need to be done by you, or can the communities take ownership?


  1. how does this project align with your strategic priorities in the region?

  2. In the country?

  3. How does it strengthen your organisation's strategic engagement on this topic in other areas?

  4. How will it contribute to your institutional knowledge?

  5. How could it contribute to the other strategies in your programme or organisation?

  6. How does the project fit within others in the programme?

  7. With other programmes in your organisation?